The** Make a 10 Addition Strategy** can be a challenging concept for first graders. Every year I had a divide between students who understood it in a snap, and students who looked at me like I was speaking gibberish. I finally hit upon a concrete way to teach making a ten to add after a few frustrating years.

First, your students will need to master fact fluency within 10 (especially the facts that make 10) in order to use this strategy successfully. **Here are some free resources to help your students build fact fluency**. They will also need to learn to add 10 to single-digit numbers.

## How I Teach the Make a 10 to Add Strategy

My students responded well to this simple approach to the Make a Ten strategy (watch the video below to see it in action):

- Read the equation.
- Write the larger number.
- Draw dots to match the smaller number.
- Circle the number and dots to make 10.
- Write a new equation using 10 and the leftover dots.
- Solve the new equation.
- Solve the original equation.

## Free Make a Ten Strategy Activities

Students can easily use whiteboards or math notebooks to practice this strategy. I also have a few free resources that will help you! Click here for 2 free Make a 10 worksheets:

Here are 6 free puzzles that are perfect for your visual learners:

## More Resources

If you’re looking for more resources to help you introduce the Make 10 to Add strategy, check out this bundle:

The following materials are included in this bundle:

1) **PowerPoint lesson **for the “make a ten to add” strategy. Students learn to write the larger number in the equation, draw dots for the smaller number, and compose a ten. Then they write new equations using the ten and the leftover dots. The lesson introduces the strategy, provides guided practice, and includes 5 problems for independent practice.

2) **24 “make a ten” puzzle cards**. There are 12 puzzles with 2 pieces, and 12 puzzles with 4 pieces. This allows you to scaffold and differentiate your instruction.

3) **Record sheets**. There are 3 handouts- 1 for use during the lesson, and 2 for use with the puzzles.

4) **22 printable worksheets** that will have your students finding ways to make ten and making 10 to add using number bonds, 10-frames, dots, and more!

*These materials can be purchased separately here*:

1) Make a Ten Addition Strategy Lesson and Math Center

2) Make a Ten Addition Strategy Worksheets

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